DEPRESSION AND Mood Disorder
Depression is a mood disorder that will affect most people at least one time during their life. Depression is a mental illness which is mostly caused by either recent situational life events that have happened over time, or as a result of their personal history experience. Life events that can lead people to feel depressed include ongoing work stress, unemployment, relationship issues and chronic unemployment or isolation. More recent events such as losing a job can also trigger an episode of depression. Depression can affect people during any time in their life from childhood to older adult.
A family history of mental health illness will increase the likelihood of a person developing depression. Chronic illness and drug and alcohol use can also lead to depression in the Perth, WA community. There may also be people that feel depressed and try to cope through drug and alcohol use.
Many individuals will experience a single episode of depression. However, depending on their family history of depression and their coping resources, some people in WA have many episodes of depression at some time during their lives. This is then called Major Depressive Disorder. There are also a number of differing diagnoses that can be given to those with a low mood. For example, some may feel depressed most of the time but then may swing into a very high, expansive mood. This may then be called Bipolar Disorder.
There are specific symptoms that would lead to a diagnosis of an episode of depression in people. These include (within a two week period):- feel a depressed mood most of the day, a diminished interest in work, activities, weight loss or gain, problems sleeping, feeling fatigued or worthless. Some may feel so depressed that they will have thoughts of suicide. Identifying signs when loved ones have thoughts of suicide is an important step in seeking help when needed.
EFFECTIVE TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION
professional information, support and treatment for those with depression is available in Perth, WA. Specific psychological treatment such as Cognitive Behavioural therapy can help a lot of those people to reduce their symptoms of depression and as such be able to function better in their lives. Sometimes with long term depression, some may also benefit from the support of medication. This support is usually through the use of anti-depressants which can have a positive effect on the neurotransmitters in the brain. These medications would be prescribed by a doctor or psychiatrist in Perth, WA.
Often when individuals in WA have symptoms of depression, they also may have anxiety. This is the most common mental health disorder in Australia. Like depression it can effect children to adults and can be caused by a range of factors such as current life events or what has happened in a person’s past (eg childhood events). Traumatic life events and chronic illnesses such as diabetes can also lead to anxiety. They may resort to the use drugs and alcohol to help manage their depression symptoms.
There are a range of specific anxiety conditions, including social phobia which is the most common type. Social phobia is when a person has intense fear of being scrutinised in public.
Other disorders include:
Behavioural Treatment And Support For Depression In WA
Whilst Cognitive Behavioural treatments are often used for depression in WA, depending on a person’s mental health history, family history and presentation, other psychological support and treatments may be beneficial. This is particularly the case for those persons who have a diagnosis of PTSD. In this case, Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing is the treatment of choice.
Early information and intervention with those persons suffering depressive disorder symptoms is the key to the professional treatment of this mental health issue most effectively. Identifying signs of depression and thoughts of suicide is the first step. Then seeking help when needed is the next step. Engaging with a Clinical Psychologist directly or via a person’s Doctor, under the Better Access Initiative in Australia (Using Medicare), are ways to get psychological information, counselling, treatment and support services underway.
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